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Install the Android SDK on Windows

How to Install the Android SDK on Windows

  1. Download the Android SDK
    Goto developer.android >> sdk Choose android_sdk_windows, download and save the file at the desired location. And unzip.
  2. Preparing Your Development Computer
    Before getting started with the Android SDK, take a moment to confirm that your development computer meets the System Requirements. In particular, you may need to install the JDK before continuing, if it’s not already installed on your computer.
    If you will be developing in Eclipse with the Android Development Tools (ADT) Plugin – the recommended path if you are new to Android – make sure that you have a suitable version of Eclipse installed on your computer (3.4 or newer is recommended). If you need to install Eclipse, you can download it from this location:  eclipse_org >> downloads
    A Java or RCP version of Eclipse is recommended. For Eclipse 3.5, the “Eclipse Classic” version is recommended.
  3. Install the Android SDK
    The Android SDK archive now only contains the tools. It no longer comes populated with a specific Android platform or Google add-on. Instead you use the SDK Manager to install or update SDK components such as platforms, tools, add-ons, and documentation.
    In order to start developing applications, you must install at least one version of the Android platform using the SDK Manager. This requires an Internet connection, so if you plan to use the SDK offline, please make sure to download the necessary components while online. To start the SDK Manager, please execute the program “SDK Setup.exe”.
    Optionally, you may want to add the location of the SDK’s primary tools directory to your system PATH. The primary tools/ directory is located at the root of the SDK folder. Adding tools to your path lets you run Android Debug Bridge (adb) and the other command line tools without needing to supply the full path to the tools directory.
    On Windows, right-click on My Computer, and select Properties. Under the Advanced tab, hit the Environment Variables button, and in the dialog that comes up, double-click on Path (under System Variables). Add the full path to the tools/ directory to the path.
    If you will be using the Eclipse IDE as your development environment, the next section describes how to install the Android Development Tools (ADT) plugin and set up Eclipse. If you choose not to use Eclipse, you can develop Android applications in an IDE of your choice and then compile, debug and deploy using the tools included in the SDK
  4. Adding Android Platforms and Other Components
    The last step in setting up your SDK is using a tool included the SDK starter package — the Android SDK and AVD Manager — to download essential components into your development environment. Read the information below to understand what components you’ll need, then see Adding SDK Components for step-by-step instructions on how to launch the Android SDK and AVD Manager and download the components into your environment.
    The SDK uses a modular structure that separates the major parts of the SDK — Android platform versions, add-ons, tools, samples, and the API documentation — into a set of separately installable components. The SDK starter package, which you’ve already downloaded, includes only a single component: the latest version of the SDK Tools. To develop any Android application, you also need to download at least one Android platform into your environment, although downloading additional components is highly recommended.

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The SDK repository offers these types of components:

      • SDK Tools (pre-installed in the Android SDK starter package) — Contains the full set of SDK tools for developing, debugging, and testing your application code and UI. You can read about the tools in the Dev Guide and access them in the <sdk>/tools/ directory.
      • Android platforms — An SDK platform is available for every production Android platform deployable to Android-powered devices. Each platform component includes a fully compliant Android library and system image, sample code, emulator skins, and any version specific tools. For detailed information about each platform, see the overview documents available under the section “Downloadable SDK Components,” at left.
      • SDK Add-Ons — SDK add-ons provide a development environment for specific Android external library or a customized (but fully compliant) Android system image. The Android SDK repository offers the Google APIs Add-On, which gives your application access to powerful mapping capabilities through the com.google.android.maps library. You can also add additional repositories, so that you can download other SDK add-ons, where available.
      • USB Driver for Windows — Contains driver files that you can install on your Windows computer, so that you can run and debug your applications on an actual device. You do not need the USB driver unless you plan to debug your application on an actual Android-powered device. If you develop on Mac OS X or Linux, you do not need a special driver to debug your application on an Android-powered device.
      • Samples — Contains the sample code and apps available for each Android development platform. If you are just getting started with Android development, make sure to download the samples to your SDK.
      • Documentation — Contains a local copy of the latest multiversion documentation for the Android framework API.

To download components, use the graphical UI of the Android SDK and AVD Manager, shown in Figure 1, to browse the SDK repository, select new or updated components for download, and then install the selected components in your SDK environment.

  • ADT Plugin

The Android Development Tools (ADT) plugin adds powerful extensions to the Eclipse integrated development environment. It allows you to create and debug your Android applications easier and faster. If you use Eclipse, the ADT plugin gives you an incredible boost in developing Android applications:

    • It gives you access to other Android development tools from inside the Eclipse IDE. For example, ADT lets you access the many capabilities of the DDMS tool: take screenshots, manage port-forwarding, set breakpoints, and view thread and process information directly from Eclipse.
    • It provides a New Project Wizard, which helps you quickly create and set up all of the basic files you’ll need for a new Android application.
    • It automates and simplifies the process of building your Android application.
    • It provides an Android code editor that helps you write valid XML for your Android manifest and resource files.
    • To install the ADT Plugin, you can take advantage of the Eclipse remote update feature. By setting up a remote update site, you can easily download, install, and check for ADT updates. Alternatively, you can download the latest ADT to your development computer as a local site archive. Download ADT Plugin
    • Launch Eclipse, then select Help –> Install New Software.
    • Click Add in the Available Software dialog
    • Enter a name for the remote site (ex: Android Plugin) in the Name field and in the Location field, enter this URL: dl-ssl_google_com/ >> android/eclipse/ and then click OK. If you have trouble acquiring the plugin, you can try using ‘http’ instead of ’https’ in the URL.
  • Select the checkbox next to Developer Tools, which will automatically select the nested tools Android DDMS and Android Development Tools and then click Next.
  • On the next dialog, click Next to read and accept the license agreement and install any dependencies, then click Finish.
  • Restart Eclipse
  • Open Windows/Preferences/Android & define the SDK location as show below.
  • To check whether the ADT has been installed correctly, try to create a new project by select File > New > Project., you shoud find Android Project listed on project wizard.

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